#infosec How to block an ongoing dictionary attack / brute force attack against Windows Servers, #MSexchange and more

Syspeace - intrusion prevention for Windows servers

Syspeace website

How to block an intrusion attack against Windows Servers for free

If your server or datacenter is targeted by a brute force attack a.k.a dicttionary attacks , it might be hard to figure out how to quickly make it stop.
If the attack is from a single IP address you’d probably block it in your external firewall or the Windows Server firewall and after that start tracking and reporting the attack to see if needs following up.
However, if the attacks is triggered from hundreds or even thousands of IP addresses, it will become basically impossible to block all of them in the firewall so you need something to help you automate the task.

This is where Syspeace comes into play.

Fully functional, free trial for bruteforce prevention

Since Syspeace has a fully functional trial for 30 days, you can simply download it here ,install, regsiter with  a valid mail address, enter the licensekey into the Syspeace GUI and the attack will be automatically handled (blocked, tracked and reported) as soon as the Syspeace service starts up.

In essence, the attack will be blocked within minutes from even connecting to your server.

The entire process of downloading, installing and registering ususally only takes a few minutes and since Syspeace is a Windows service it will also automatically start if the server is rebooted.

If the attack is triggered to use just a few login attempts per attacking IP address and for a longer period of time in between attempts, I’d suggest you change te default rule to monitor for failed logins for a longer triggerwindow , for example 4 days so you’d also automatically detect hacking attempts that are trying to stay under the radar for countermeasure such as Syspeace.

The Syspeace Global BlackList

Since Syspeace has already blocked over 3.6 Million attacks worldwide , we’ve also got a Global Blacklist that is automatically downloaded to all other Syspeace clients.

This means that if an IP address has been deemed a repeat offender (meaning that it has attacked X number of Syspeace customers and Y number of servers within Z amount of tme), the attackers IP address is quite likely to already be in the GBL and therefore it will be automatically blacklisted on all Syspeace-installations, thus making it preemptively blocked.

Syspeace does not simmply disable the login for the attacker, it completely blocks the attacker on all ports from communicating with your server so if you’ve got otther services also running on the server (such as an FTP or SQL Server) the attacker will not be able to reach any if those services either. The lockdown is on all TCP ports.

More Syspeace features, supported Windows Server editions and other services such as Exchange Server, Terminal Server, SQL Server …

You will also get tracking and reporting included immediately for future reference or forensics.
Syspeace supports Windows Server editions from Windows 2003 and upwards, including the Small Business Server editions. It also supports Terminal Server (RDS) and RemoteAPP and RDWeb, Microsoft Exchange Serevr including the webmail (OWA) , Citrix, Sharepoint,
SQL Server and we’ve also released public APIs to use with various weblogins. All of this is included in Syspeace. Out of the box.
We’ve got a IIS FTP server detector in beta and also a FileZilla FTP Server detector and we’re constantly developing new detectors for various server software.

Download and try out Syspeace completely free

Even if you’re not being attacked by a large brute force attack right now, you can still download the trial and have Syspeace handle attacks for you in the background. Who knows, there could be more invalid login attemtpts than you think, such as disabled or removed users that have left the company or very subtle, slow dictioanry attacks going on in the background that actaully might be quite tricky to spot if your not  constantly monitoring logfles.

On this blog, http://syspeace.wordpress.com ,we’ve written a lot of blog articles on how Syspeace works and a lot of other articles regarding securing your servers that we hope you’ll find useful.

#infosec Securing your #WinServ and #MSExchange with an acceptable baseline security

Securing your Windows Server with a baseline security

In short, to have an acceptable baseline security for any Windows server you need to think all of the things below in this list.
Sadly enough, even if you follow all of these steps, you’re still not secured forever and ever. There’s no such thing as absolute security. That’s just the way it is but you might use this as some kind of checklist and also the links provided in this post.

Syspeace logo
Syspeace logo

Securing Windows Serves with an acceptable baseline security

1. Make sure all of your software is updated with all security patches. This includes the Windows operating system but also Adobe, Java,Office and any software really. This reduces the risk for so called 0day attacks or your server being compromised by software bugs.

2. Make sure you have a good and not too resource intensive antivirus running on everything. Personally I’m a fan of F Secure PSB for servers and workstations for lots of reasons. It’s not just a pretty logo.

3. Verify you have thought your file and directory access structure and that users and groups are only allowed to use and see what they’re supposed to. Setting file permissions is a very powerful tool to secure your server and crucial.

4. Always make sure to read best practices for securing applications and servers and Google for other ideas also. No manual is the entire gospel.

5. Enable logging. If you don’t know what’s happeing, you can’t really react to it can you ? It also makes any troubleshooting hopeless in restrospect.

7. Have a good monitoring and inventory system in place such as the free SpiceWorks at http://www.spiceworks.com

8. If your server has any monitoring agents from the manufacturer such as HP Server Agents, then install them and set them up with notifications for any hardware events to be prepared.

9. User Group Policies. It’s an extermely powerful tool once you start using it and it will make you day to day operations much easier.

10. If your server is reachable from the Internet, use valifd SSL certificates. They’re not that expensive and any communications should be encrypted and secured as fa as we’re able. Yes, think Mr. Snowden.Think NSA.

11. Disable any unused services and network protocols. They can be a point of entry and for the unused network protocols, you bascially fill your local network with useless chatter that comsume bandwidth. This also goes for workstations and printers and so on.

12. Enforce complex password policies! You won’t be well-liked but that’s not what you get paid for.
If people are having trouble remembering passwords the have all over the world, maybe you could have thme read this
http://jufflan.wordpress.com/2012/11/03/remembering-complex-online-passwords/ and on the topic of online passwords and identities also, http://jufflan.wordpress.com/2012/11/03/reflections-on-theft-and-protection-of-online-identity-on-the-internet-who-are-you/

13. Use a good naming standard for user logins. Not just their first name as login or something too obvious. Here’s an old blog post on why http://syspeace.wordpress.com/2012/10/21/securing-your-webmailowa-on-microsoft-exchange-and-a-few-other-tips/

14. Backups! Backups! and again. BACKUPS!!
Make sure you have good backups (and test them at least once a year for a complete disaster revovery scenario) and make sure you have multiple generations of them in case any of them is corrupted, preferrably stored offsite in some manner in case of a fire, theft or anything really.
For day to day operations and generation management I highly recommend using the builtin VSS snapshot method but never ever have it instead of backups.
You can also use the built in Windows Server backup for DR as described here http://jufflan.wordpress.com/2013/07/15/using-windows-server-backup-20082008-r2-for-a-disaster-recovery-from-a-network-share/

15. You need to have an automatic intrusion protection against brute force and dictionary attacks with Syspeace since the ”classic” methods do not get the job done. Here’s an older blog post on why http://syspeace.wordpress.com/2013/07/11/using-various-brute-force-and-dictionary-attack-prevention-methods-to-prevent-hackers-and-why-they-dont-work-repost/ . I you don’t have the time to read the article then simply download the free Syspeace trial, install it and you’ve set up a pwerful and easy to use bruteforce prtection for your server in minutes.

If you’re up for it, I’ve written a few other related posts here:

http://jufflan.wordpress.com/2012/10/22/securing-your-server-environment-part-1-physical-environment/
and
http://jufflan.wordpress.com/2012/10/22/securing-server-environments-part-ii-networking/

By Juha Jurvanen @ JufCorp

#Infosec When and where is Syspeace useful for intrusion prevention ?

In what scenarios Syspeace is useful for preventing brute force attacks? Do I need it if I’ve only got a Windows workstation?

Syspeace - intrusion prevention for Windows servers
Syspeace website

Syspeace is an intrusion prevention software mainly targeted for Windows Servers, SBS Server, RDS TS Servers, RDWeb, Sharepoint Servers, SQL Server, Exchange, Sharepoint, Citrix and so on but it will also run on Windows 7 and above for home use.

To have a real use for Syspeace these conditions need to be met

1. You need to have enabled remote access to your server / workstation.

2. You need to have set up some kind of portforwarding in your external firewall to your server / workstation. If you are for instance on a standard broadband connection and you haven’t done anything with the default rules in your boradband modem, your workstation is probably not reachable from the Internet thus making a Syspeace installation quite unecessary and waste of RAM and COPU for you, minimal of course but still. There is no need to have software installed in any computer environment that actually doesn’t do anything for you. It’s a waste of resources.  

3.The same goes for servers although in a server environment you might want to have Syspeace installed to monitor and handle internal brute force attacks since Syspeace works just as efficently whetheter the attack is externla or internal. It will even block a workstation trying to connect to netowrk shares via the command prompt using ”net use * \servernamesharename” command. Have a look at his entry for instance http://syspeace.wordpress.com/2013/09/25/syspeace-for-internal-brute-force-protection-on-windows-servers/

4. There could be a scenario where you have for instance your own hosted WorPress Blog that is reachable from the Internet . Please refer to http://syspeace.wordpress.com/2013/04/24/syspeace-for-protecting-wordpress-from-brute-force-attacks/ for an idea on brute force prevention for WordPress Blogs.

5. In server envirenments you might have Syspeace installed not only for intrusion prevention but also to have a good reporting on various user login activity that can be viewed and exported in the Access Reports Section.

6. If you’re using mainly Cloud Services or a managed VPS ,the intrusion prevention should be handled by your Cloud Service Provider . Here’s an older blog post on how to have verify how your provider handles hacking attacks : http://syspeace.wordpress.com/2012/11/19/securing-cloud-services-from-dictionary-attacks-hack-yourself/

There is a fully functional, free 30 day trial for download at http://www.syspeace.com/free-download/download-plus-getting-started-with-syspeace/ .
Give it a try and have your Windows Server instantly protected from dictionary attacks and brute force attacks. The installtion is small, quick and very easu to set up. You’re up & running in 5 minutes and there’s no need to chnage your current infrasctructure, invest in specific and usually expensive hardware or hire external consultants.

By Juha Jurvanen @ JufCorp

A #Syspeace weekly report generated last night from a single server

An example of an actual #Syspeace weekly report generated last night at a single server somewhere. Each DNS or IP Address corresponds to an intrusion attempt that occoured the past week. #infosec #cybersecurity. For those whoa are also a bit vigilant, you’ll notice the #Syspeace version ..- Yes, we are working on a new release.. stay tuned.

Report for week 2013-11-18 – 2013-11-24

— All Week ——

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
5.167.43.248 1 5x167x43x248.dynamic.yola.ertelecom.ru; Russian Federation (RU)
50.197.62.73 1 50-197-62-73-static.hfc.comcastbusiness.net; United States (US)
64.183.205.246 1 rrcs-64-183-205-246.sw.biz.rr.com; United States (US)
69.174.245.138 1 .; United States (US)
77.94.189.17 3 ; Russian Federation (RU)
78.105.173.193 4 mail.thefoundry.org.uk; United Kingdom (GB)
81.136.203.171 1 host81-136-203-171.in-addr.btopenworld.com; United Kingdom (GB)
87.108.53.202 4 ip-87-108-53-202.customer.academica.fi; Finland (FI)
88.119.151.219 1 88-119-151-219.static.zebra.lt; Lithuania (LT)
88.249.65.35 1 88.249.65.35.static.ttnet.com.tr; Turkey (TR)
95.152.198.114 1 mailgate.riskdecisions.co.uk; United Kingdom (GB)
115.238.172.226 1 ; China (CN)
117.218.1.127 1 ; India (IN)
121.20.69.84 1 ; China (CN)
178.33.205.127 1 ; Spain (ES)
182.18.160.63 1 static-182-18-160-63.ctrls.in; India (IN)
184.82.181.135 1 184-82-181-135.static.hostnoc.net; United States (US)
192.157.246.59 3 59.246-157-192.rdns.scalabledns.com; United States (US)
192.157.246.60 1 60.246-157-192.rdns.scalabledns.com; United States (US)
193.227.46.18 4 ; Egypt (EG)
198.46.103.165 1 c62e6ea5.cst.lightpath.net; United States (US)
198.50.197.100 1 198-50-197-100.ovh.net; N/A (–)
212.250.127.114 3 114-127-250-212.static.virginm.net; United Kingdom (GB)
218.241.171.186 1 ; China (CN)
221.226.157.194 1 ; China (CN)
222.110.155.133 1 ; Korea, Republic of (KR)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00 x4
01 x3
02 x1
03 x2
04 x1
05 x2
06 x1
07
08 x1
09 x2
10 x1
11 x1
12 x1
13 x5
14 x2
15 x3
16 x2
17 x1
18 x2
19 x2
20 x1
21
22 x1
23 x2

– 2013-11-18 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
77.94.189.17 2 ; Russian Federation (RU)
193.227.46.18 4 ; Egypt (EG)
218.241.171.186 1 ; China (CN)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00
01
02 x1
03
04
05
06
07
08 x1
09
10
11
12
13 x2
14
15 x1
16
17
18 x1
19 x1
20
21
22
23

– 2013-11-19 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
77.94.189.17 1 ; Russian Federation (RU)
212.250.127.114 1 114-127-250-212.static.virginm.net; United Kingdom (GB)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00 x1
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17 x1
18
19
20
21
22
23

– 2013-11-20 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
69.174.245.138 1 .; United States (US)
178.33.205.127 1 ; Spain (ES)
182.18.160.63 1 static-182-18-160-63.ctrls.in; India (IN)
192.157.246.59 1 59.246-157-192.rdns.scalabledns.com; United States (US)
192.157.246.60 1 60.246-157-192.rdns.scalabledns.com; United States (US)
212.250.127.114 2 114-127-250-212.static.virginm.net; United Kingdom (GB)
221.226.157.194 1 ; China (CN)
222.110.155.133 1 ; Korea, Republic of (KR)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00 x1
01 x1
02
03
04
05 x1
06
07
08
09 x1
10
11
12 x1
13
14
15 x1
16
17
18
19
20 x1
21
22 x1
23 x1

– 2013-11-21 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
50.197.62.73 1 50-197-62-73-static.hfc.comcastbusiness.net; United States (US)
95.152.198.114 1 mailgate.riskdecisions.co.uk; United Kingdom (GB)
117.218.1.127 1 ; India (IN)
198.46.103.165 1 c62e6ea5.cst.lightpath.net; United States (US)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00 x1
01
02
03
04 x1
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14 x1
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23 x1

– 2013-11-22 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
88.119.151.219 1 88-119-151-219.static.zebra.lt; Lithuania (LT)
198.50.197.100 1 198-50-197-100.ovh.net; N/A (–)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00
01 x1
02
03
04
05 x1
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

– 2013-11-23 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
64.183.205.246 1 rrcs-64-183-205-246.sw.biz.rr.com; United States (US)
78.105.173.193 1 mail.thefoundry.org.uk; United Kingdom (GB)
87.108.53.202 4 ip-87-108-53-202.customer.academica.fi; Finland (FI)
184.82.181.135 1 184-82-181-135.static.hostnoc.net; United States (US)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00
01
02
03
04
05
06 x1
07
08
09 x1
10
11
12
13 x1
14
15 x1
16 x2
17
18 x1
19
20
21
22
23

– 2013-11-24 —

IP address Times Host name and country
——————– —– ——————————-
5.167.43.248 1 5x167x43x248.dynamic.yola.ertelecom.ru; Russian Federation (RU)
78.105.173.193 3 mail.thefoundry.org.uk; United Kingdom (GB)
81.136.203.171 1 host81-136-203-171.in-addr.btopenworld.com; United Kingdom (GB)
88.249.65.35 1 88.249.65.35.static.ttnet.com.tr; Turkey (TR)
115.238.172.226 1 ; China (CN)
121.20.69.84 1 ; China (CN)
192.157.246.59 2 59.246-157-192.rdns.scalabledns.com; United States (US)

Hourly breakdown (blocks per hour)
00 x1
01 x1
02
03 x2
04
05
06
07
08
09
10 x1
11 x1
12
13 x2
14 x1
15
16
17
18
19 x1
20
21
22
23

Generated 2013-11-25 00:04:11 for machine *****.*****.*** by Syspeace v2.3.7.0

Using various brute force and dictionary attack prevention methods to prevent hackers – and why they don’t work . Repost

This is actually a repost on a fairly well read blogpost but I thought I’d share it with you again.

Intro on brute force / dictionary attack prevention tactics and some common misconceptions

Protection from brute force attempts on Windows servers has always been a nightmare and would continue to be so if not .. Yes, I admit, I will come up with a solution further down.

Most system administrators with selfrespect start off with the best of intentions to actually keep track of brute force / dictianary attack attempts but eventually give up because of the sheer number of attacks that occur daily.

Others, unfortunately, believe that a firewall takes care of the problem which it doesn’t or that an account lockout policy is the answer. Neither of them is and I’ll show you why.

The firewall approach:

Think about it. What does a firewall actually do ? The role of the firewall is to block traffic on unwanted ports and to drop portscans and variuos SYN FLOOD attacks. That’s about it. A firewall is basically a harsch doorman deciding who gets in to speak with the guys on the inside and who doesn’t.

If an attacker actually connects on a valid port , the traffic is redirected/port forwarded to the server in question let’s say the webmail interface of a Microsoft Exchange Server or a Microsoft Windows Terminal Server or a Citrix Server. Once the attacker is there, the actual logon request is handled by the server,not the firewall. The logon process is managed by the Windows Authentication process (which in turn may be validated against Active Directoy or a local user database using SAM). The firewall is already out of the picture really since it has no connection with the Windws server apart from  the TCP connection and keeping it alive really. They don’t communicate the result of the logon process between eachother.

Also, a changing of from standard ports won’t help you much, will it ? The logon process is still managed by the Windows Server although you will get rid a of a lot of portscans and ”lazy background, script kiddie attempts” if you’re using non standard ports. Basically you get rid of the script kiddies but the problem isn’t solved, the traffic is still redirected/port forwarded to the server that does the actual authentication.

Using for instance a Remote Desktop Gateway won’t handle the problem either. Using a RDP Gateway minimizes the attack surface, yes, but it is still reachable and the user logons still have to be validated. The problem is with any server that services logon request basically, regardless of on what ports and how they get there. That is Microsoft Windows server, Exchange Server, Citrix, Sharepoint, CRM , Terminal server and so on . The list can probably go on and on.

There’s also the risk of stuff stops working each time you apply some updates or patches to your Windows Servers if you start changing standard ports or standard configurations. It’s happened to me a few times and it’s not that amusing to be honest when you’ve got 1000 users not being able to log in beacuse you’ve just done your job and patched the servers to keep peolpe datas safe. Trust me, that’s not a good Monday morning.

The VPN approach:

Yes. That’s a safer approach but also here we do have some issues. First of all, it’s not that easy to keep track of VPN certificates, to set all of it up and manage all the licensing costs (that can be quite significant really ) and (sometimes costly) hardware you need to have in place. Historically there has also always been performance issues with most VPN solutions since all traffic is directed through one or a few VPN servers / connectors. Some of them also charge you for the bandwidth you want it to be able to use for VPN connections or charge you for the number of simultaneous VPN connections, A VPN solution can be quite costly as an initial investment and taking into account all of the administration involved in it.

You also probably won’t be demanding your users to have a VPN connection to the Microsoft Exchange OWA etiher snce the whole idea of the OWA i that it’s supposed to easy to reach from anywhere. I know there are some companies actually requiring VPN even for OWA and that’s just fine I guess but the more we’re moving our data and applications to cloud services, this hassle with different VPNs and stuff will eventually be fading into the dark corners of the Internet (that’s my personal belief anyways). The thing is that your users don’t want to be tied down by complicated VPN clients and stuff, users nowdays are used ”stuff just working” and it has to be easy and intuititive for them. The days of the ”System Administrators from Hell” implementing all kinds of complex solutions to keep stuff secure and forcing users to having very specific and complex ways of accessing data are over. They were good times, good times but they’re over. Deal with it.

The IDS/IPS approach:

Using a centralized IDS/IPS This is a more efficient method, yes. The downside is, most of these systems require you to change your infrastructure and get specific, costly hardware, licenses and costly consultants to get it up and running. And someone needs to monitor it, take care of it and so on. There are parllells to the VPN approach here although an IDS/IPS does a while lot more such as examines all the network traffic, examines it for malicious code and so on. I’m not sure actually if an IDS/IPS can communicate with the Windows Server Authentication Process so I’ll actually won’t say anything about that. I would presume they can, otherwise I fail to see the point (from the brute force logon prespective, that is) and you’d still need to handle the logon attempt on the Windows server.

The Account Lockout Policy approach:

The acccount lockout method is also flawed due to the fact that an attacker can quite easily cause a DOS (Denial of Service) simply by hammering your server with invalid logon request but with valid usernames, thus rendering the accounts unusable for the valid users. Basically, all he (or she)  needs to know is the user logon name and in many system , it’s not tha hard to guess (try the companynameusername or the mail address for the user since it’s quite often also a valid logon name if you have a look at the properties of the user in Active Directory Users and Group snap-in)

The Cloud Computing approach

We are shifting  more and more of our data and applications into various Cloud Services (like it or not but, it’s a fact and you know it). This way we do get rid of some of these problems on our own servers and hopefully, your Cloud Service provider actually has a plan for these scenarios and has the necessary surveillance software and systems in place. If you’re using a Cloud Computing platform based on Windows Servers, you should actually ask your provider how they handle brute force attempts on their servers. Most likely they will give you one or more of the scenarios described above and, as I’ve showed you, they are not adequate to handle the task at hand. They’re just not up for the job. Feel free to ask your own provider and see what answer you get. My guess is .. mumbo jumbo but basically , they don’t have anything in place really, more or less.
You could even try logging into you own account with your own username but the wrong password loads of times and see what happens. Will it be locked out? Will your machine be locked out? How does your Cloud Srvice Provider respond and are you informed in any way that an intrsuion attempt has been made using your account ? How many times can anypne try to access your account without you being notifed of it? And from where are they trying to get to your data and why?
Personally I know of only one Cloud Service Provider that has also taken these questions into account and that’s Red Cloud IT in Sweden.

Is there a solution then?

Yeah. I told you so in the beginning and even if you choose not to use what I suggest, I highly recommend that you start thinking about these things properly because these problems will accelerate in the future. Just take a look at all the hacktivism with DDOS attacks going on out there. It’s just a start because the Internet is still young.

First of all, and this is extremely important you realize, , it doesn’t matter if you hosting your own servers or if you’re using VPS (Virtual Private Servers) hosted somewhere else or even if you’re a Cloud Service Provider. The basic principal stands: if you are providing any kind of service to users using the Windows Authentication mechanism you should be reading this and hopefully my point has come across.

If you’re having brute force attacks on your Windows systems today and I’m pretty sure you do (just turn on logon auditing and I’m sure you’ll see you have more than you actually thought you did, *for some odd reason this is NOT turned on by defaut in Windows*) there’s a few things you should be doing (that I’m guessing you’re not beacuse you’re not a cyborg and you need to sleep, meet your friends and family and actually be doing something productive during your work hours). On the other hand, if you are doing all of these things I’m guessing you have quite a large IT staff with a lot of time on their hands. Good for you. Call me and I’ll apply for a position.

First of all. Block the attack.

You need the attack to stop! Instantly. This is of course your first priority That’s basically blocking it in the firewall, either in the local Windows firewall or the external one, it’s actually up to you which way is the easiest one. The reason is that you don’t want to be wasting CPU and RAM and bandwidth on these people (or botnets)  and of course, you don’t want them to actually succeed in logging on (should you have a lousy password policy in place ) or even them disguising a real intrusion attempt behind a DDOS attack to fill your logfiles and hide themselves in there. (Yes, it’s not an uncommon method). There’s also quite a few reports of DDOS attacks being used to disguise the actual reason for it which is to find out what security measures are in places for future reference. The ”know your enemy principal”.

Second. Trace the attack. From where did it come?

Second , you need to find out from where the attack originated and what username was used. This is because you want to know if it is a competitor trying to hack you and access your corporate data or if you find yourself in the interesting position of your own username trying to login from sunny Brazil and you’re just not in Brazil (although you’d love to be) . You’re in Chicago looking at winter. Somethng’s up.
You also want to see if it’s a former employee trying to log on and so on .. This is stuff you need to know and keep track of since there may be legal issues involved further down the line.

Points one and two , you want to be handled in real time. There’s no use for you to find out two days after the attack that something actually happened. You want it stopped, reported and handled as it happens.

The legal stuff.

Third, you need to decide what to do with your information. Should it be handed over to the legal departement, your boss, the police or is it just ”nothing” and can be discarded ?

So. ”What would you suggest as a solution then” ? 

The easiest and most cost efficient way to handle brute force attacks on Windows server is to have an automated sysem to block, track and report each attack and that’s where Syspeace comes into play.

Syspeace is a locally installed Windows service, thus using a minimum of system resources,  that monitors the server for unwanted logon attempts and blocks the intruders in real time in the local firewall based on the rules you’ve set up. For instance ”if this IP address has failed logging on 20 times during the last 30 minutes then block it completely for 5 hours and send me an email about it”

This means that you can for instance set up a blocking rule that is you ”Account lockout policy – 1” in your rules and that way simply blocking the bruteforce attack but not locking your users accounts and causing them unecesseray disruption.

Since Syspeace monitors the Windows Authentication logon oprocess, it doesn’t matter what firewall your using or what ports you’re using, the monitoring and blocking is done where the actual login attempts is made and therefore caught and handled automatically.

Once the intruders IP address is blocked, it’s blocked on ALL ports from that server which means that if you have other services also running on it (like FTP or well.. anyhting really) those ports and services are also protected instantly from the attacker. Not giving them the chance to find other ways of gaining access to that server through exploits.

A few other features in Syspeace

A few other nice features with Syspeace is for instance the GBL (Global BlackLlist) where every Syspeace installation around the world , reports each attack to a databse where they are examined and weighed and , if deemed ”meneace to Internet and all of mankind” the database is then propagated to all other Syspeace installations. In this way, you’re preemptively protected when the bad guys come knocking on your door. So far , there has been over 200 000 brute force attcks blocked by Syspeace worldwide (and that’s just since mid July 2012) and some of them have made it to the GBL. Lucky them.
Of course there are white lists and stuff, giving you the ability to have your customers or internal users keep hammering you servers all day long if they (and you) want  without being blocked out.

There’s also the Attack Cintrol section that gives you the ability to sort out information about successful and failed logons, findind the ones that are trying to stay under the radar, viewing reports.
You get daily and weekly reports email to you and each attack is also mailed to you with detailed but easy to understand information from where the attack originated including country, what username was used and how many times they actually tried to hack or overload you. This gives you the ability to quickly see of it’s something you should be taking care of or just carry on with your working day and leave it be with a smile on your face.

The GUI is easy to use (and there’s an even easier coming up in the next version) so there’s no need to hire costly consultants to be up & running or start using various scripts and change parameters in them to suite you needs and hope for the best and hope they don’t hang your servers.

Syspeace also protects the Microsoft Exchange Server Connectors from being attacked.

The licensing is not steep, I’d even dare say cheap and it’s extremely flexible.

As an example. If you buy yourself a new server today (evereybody loves new toys ) , you install Syspeace on it and then you get yourself a second server in 4 months. You can easily align the licensing renewal dates for both servers , not having to keep track of licensing renewals scattered over the entire year. If you’re up for , you could even byt yourslef just a one months license. Or a week. I’s up to you and what needs you have.

Download a free trial and see for yourself.
We know it works and so does all of the people around the world who are already running it.

Syspeace – let the silence do the talking

Syspeace - intrusion prevention for Windows servers
Syspeace website

Blog post written by Juha Jurvanen
Senior IT consultant in backup, IT security, server operations and cloud

Using Syspeace for a targeted bruteforce attack against a specific username

Today we had an interesting support question actually.

Someone is trying to bruteforce a customer using the same account name but from a lot of different IP addresses and they only try once or twice from each IP address thus not triggering Syspeace to block the IP address based on the default rule.

The suggestion that we eventually came up with is to create a rule based on the user name and set the allowed attempts to only 1 failed attempt. therefore making Syspeace block the IP address immediately.

In this scenario though, one must also keep in mind though that legitimate user will get blocked out instantly after one failed try so there might be a good reason to white list the IP addresses that this user usually logs in from.

Furthermore, the reason for this specific and targeted user attack should be inestigated more closely and also be handed over to the proper authorities for investigation.